Using Cloches to Grow Crops & Protect Plants
Everything you need to know about garden cloches - from what they do and why gardeners use them to which fruit & veg to grow and how to choose the right cloche for your garden, grow patch or allotment.
What is a cloche and why do I need one?
Cloches (or cloche tunnels as they are sometimes known) are small, portable structures that are placed over fruit, veg and plants to offer protection and create a warm microclimate. Their main function is to extend the growing season in order to grow crops that might otherwise struggle in the British climate. In early spring they cover seedlings and pre-warm soil for early planting, while at the end of summer they help ripen crops.
What are the benefits of a cloche?
The key advantage of cloches is their size and flexibility. Being light and small, they can be squeezed into corners, in-between grow tunnels or fruit cages, on sections of raised beds or over dainty little grow patches to protect individual plants or grow an extra few rows of strawberries, salads and other fruit & veg. Unsurprisingly, they are especially popular with gardeners living in cities or large towns where outdoor space is limited.
What types of cloches are available?
The traditional type of cloche is a bell-shaped cover (cloche means 'bell' in French) for individual plants. These can range from functional plastic to something more decorative and ornamental, such bamboo or wrought iron. Longer triangular or rectangular cloches are a more recent development and are used to cover entire rows of plants or veg patches - albeit remaining small and easy to move around. Anything larger than that really falls under the banner of grow tunnels or poly tunnels, which cover more significant growing patches but are not as light or portable.
How to use your cloche correctly
Bell cloches made of either plastic or glass are especially prone to overheating, which can damage plants. If using a traditional bell cloche, make sure to carefully monitor plant health, removing or propping up your cloche periodically for ventilation and to give plants a chance to breathe. Storage space can also be an issue with hard frame cloches, so make sure you have enough room in your shed or greenhouse. Alternatively, you could choose a pop up cloche as they can be folded up and stored out of season.
How do gardeners use cloches?
Cloches have a wide range of uses in the garden or on the allotment, but a few key applications include:
• Covering cucumbers and peppers in summer to prevent diseases caused by rain
• Protecting rows of low growing plants including strawberries, cabbages and salad crops
• Covering individual plants in ornamental gardens
• Ripening and finishing off crops such as tomatoes and peppers in late summer
• Raising soil temperature by up to 10 degrees for earlier planting out of up to 3-4 weeks
• Rain and frost protection for autumn sown crops such as carrots or chicory